Second Grade

By: Craig Crook

January 1, 1970


Language Arts

Students begin to read independently for longer periods of time and work to become fluent and expressive readers.  Stories are analyzed for the elements of literature such as character, setting, and plot.  Lessons strengthen interpretive skills, generalizing abilities and inferential thinking.  Phonics instruction continues in order to develop word attack skills for decoding new words.  Vocabulary and spelling are taught within the context of literature.  Enrichment activities are included to foster a life-long lover of literature.

In the second grade, students learn fluency of writing — getting their thoughts on paper.  Grammar and punctuation skills are developed through writing assignments including short stories, research topics, poems, letters, and book reports.  Writing is shared orally within the class and displayed in the hallways.

Students continue to refine their manuscript printing skills.  Special emphasis is given to correct letter formation and proper spacing of letters and words.

During weekly visits to the library, students select books according to title, author, and illustrator for independent reading times.  Students are introduced to the card catalog as well as the dictionary, in print and CD-ROM.  Books are read to the students.


Students learn a wide range of mathematical concepts, reinforcing and building on the concepts they already have.  Manipulatives are used to gain a concrete understanding of new concepts such as: place value, addition and subtraction facts to 18 including regrouping, time, graphing, symmetry, fractions, probability, classifying, measurement, and problem solving.


Understanding that the best way to learn science is to do science, students record observations made when studying nature.  They investigate plant and animal life, fossils, seasonal changes, life cycles of various organisms, states of matter, weather, and the water cycle.

Social Studies and Geography

Studies expand the students’ understanding of the community.  Our city of Fort Wayne is studied to discover the inter-dependence of its population with the natural environment.

In geography, students learn to recognize cardinal directions, map symbols, land and water forms, and distinctions among urban, suburban, and rural areas.  Literature is used to bring history to life through words and pictures.


Students celebrate their friendship with Jesus and their membership in the parish community as they prepare for the sacraments of Reconciliation and Eucharist.   Students are guided to experience the love and presence of Jesus through prayer.   Students learn to show love for others in concrete ways, thank God for our gifts, understand the true qualities of friendship, the blessings of family, and generosity.   Special focus is given to the church seasons of Advent, Christmas, Lent, and Easter.  Religion classes also focus on strengthening awareness of the handicapped, elderly, and the concepts of prejudice and peace.  Lessons are conveyed through storytelling, role playing, discussion, games, and art activities.  Students attend Mass twice a week.


Emphasis is placed on continuing to work on word processing skills.  With exposure to a variety of software, students often explore word processing and multimedia.   Awareness of computer and software use and maintenance continues.  Through the use of word processing and visual art software, students expand on their writing and editing skills.


The second grade community strives to create an atmosphere of trust, honesty, and mutual respect among students, teachers, and parents.  These qualities promote academic growth as well as moral strength and self-discipline.


Art is taught using Discipline Based Art Education (DBAE) which includes art history, art production, development of the ability to describe and express your own feelings about a piece of art, development of the ability to criticize a piece of art constructively.   Each grade level “scaffolds” or builds on the grade level before it.   Vocabulary and techniques used increase in difficulty with the cognitive abilities of that grade level.

In grade two, students produce new projects reinforcing the art theories and techniques introduced in grade one: perspective, color, shading, texture, 2-D art, 3-D art, line, and painting techniques.


Lessons build on theory and composers learned in grade one.  This level includes study of simple meter, basic note values, ABA form, tone color, shape of melodies, and addition of a new composer.

Physical Education

Activities are planned to help children achieve their full capacity through physical fitness and motor skills.  Health is emphasized as a life value which enhances critical thinking, decision making, problem solving, and behavior skills.


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